Traditional owners, the Ngadju people, have a responsibility to care for their country

Heritage and Culture

 

The traditional owners of the land, the Ngadju people, have a responsibility to care for their country and to preserve their significant heritage and culture under the Native Title Act. The Ngadju Native Title Aboriginal Corporation (NNTAC) is the Prescribed Body Corporate (PBC) that is responsible for upholding and managing these objectives, and acts as the legal entity which conducts the affairs of the Ngadju Native Title Holders.

The PBC liaises and negotiates agreements with all government departments, mining companies, explorers, local government, property developers and various businesses that may want to conduct activity on Ngadju land. This process involves the engagement of the PBC Board of Directors who represent the various family groups for the negotiation process. Any agreement that would significantly impact on Native Title Rights (such as extinguishment) must be taken to the full Ngadju community for ratification.

These agreements must ensure that Ngadju Native Title Rights, Heritage, Culture and Environment rights are protected while accommodating the rights of tenement holders and stakeholders on Ngadju country.

For anyone intending to conduct any activity on Ngadju Land, you must contact the PBC at its Perth office so the necessary arrangements can be actioned.  These actions include heritage surveys (including anthropological, ethnographical and archaeological) which must comply with the Aboriginal Heritage Act (WA).

Future Acts

The Ngadju Native Title Aboriginal Corporation provides legal representation to the Board of Directors and Ngadju community on Future Act Matters as necessary.

A Future Act is a term used in the Native Title Act 1993 to describe a proposed activity that may affect Native Title. Future Acts give the Ngadju Directors and broader community the right to be informed and consulted about development activities that may impact Ngadju country.

It is essential that any agency, company or individual contact the PBC if any of their proposed developments involve ground breaking disturbances.  As a courtesy, anyone wanting to carry out any function on country must advise the PBC.

Heritage Protocols

Heritage is one of the many functions provided by the PBC. We are regularly advising mining and government bodies on set procedures for managing heritage compliance across Ngadju country.

If for any reason the PBC was not engaged and a section 18 (application to disturb an Aboriginal Site) is applied for, the ACMC may not approve the application.

Heritage Survey Methodology

There are numerous Heritage Survey Methodologies that can be designed specifically for any particular purpose.

Importantly at the outset, Costs Agreements and methodologies need to be determined early to ensure that they are cost effective and efficient.

Methodologies include:

  1. Desktop Survey

  2. Work Program Clearance Survey

  3. Work Area Clearance Survey

  4. Site Avoidance Survey

  5. Site Identification Survey

  6. Cultural Significance Survey

  7. Biodiversity Survey

  8. A comprehensive heritage survey would include anthropological, ethnographical and archaeological components which must comply with the Aboriginal Heritage Act (WA).

Ngadju country expands the pristine forests between Kalgoorlie and Esperance.

Known for its extensive biodiversity, there are numerous species of flora and fauna of international significance.

The Ngadju people have lived on this land for perhaps as long as 50,000 years, living a simple lifestyle as hunter gatherers. Like most tribal groups, the Ngadju People developed their own language and were proud of their important role as the carers and custodians of their land. Being spiritual people, they practiced sacred ceremonies and dances and many sites of significance remain important places for men and women to connect to country today.

The Ngadju native title determination area extends in the south east of Western Australia covering an area in excess of 120,000 square miles (covering an area greater than the United Kingdom).

The Ngadju people having occupied these lands since circa 50,000 years BC

The Ngadju people have lived on country between Kalgoorlie and Esperance for perhaps as long as 50,000 years. Like most tribal groups, the Ngadju people developed their own language and are proud of their important role as the carers and custodians of their land. Being spiritual people, they practiced sacred ceremonies and dances and many sites of significance remain important places for men and women to connect to country today.

The Ngadju people were known as the Song & Dance people and other tribal groups would approach them to help provide a new song or dance. The Ngadju elders only showed the visitors the song and dance routine once and then the visitors had to learn the routine and return home. The Ngadju people were, and still are, a very powerful and prominent people. They possessed the white flint rock which made a spark when struck together and Ngadju people carried the stones when travelling far and wide and would make a spark at night. After surrounding others and making the sparks it would bring enormous fear to whoever had done them wrong, for the people knew immediately who was present.